What you can do

Glossary of Terms

Ally

a (typically) straight and/or cis person who supports members of the LGBT community.

Cynghreiriad

Bisexual or Bi 

refers to a person who has an emotional, romantic and/or sexual orientation towards more than one gender.

Deurywiol

Biphobia

the fear or dislike of someone who identifies as bi.

Deuffobia

Cisgender or Cis 

someone whose gender identity is the same as the sex they were assigned at birth. Non-trans is also used by some people.

Cydryweddol

Coming out 

when a person first tells someone/others about their identity as lesbian, gay, bi or trans.

Dod allan

Deadnaming

is calling someone by their birth name after they have changed their name. This term is often associated with trans people who have changed their name as part of their transition.

Camenwi

Gay

refers to a man who has an emotional, romantic and/or sexual orientation towards men. Also a generic term for lesbian and gay sexuality - some women define themselves as gay rather than lesbian.

Hoyw

Gender dysphoria 

used to describe when a person experiences discomfort or distress because there is a mismatch between their sex assigned at birth and their gender identity. This is also the clinical diagnosis for someone who doesn’t feel comfortable with the gender they were assigned at birth.

Dysfforia rhywedd

Gender identity 

a person’s internal sense of their own gender, whether male, female or something else (see non-binary below).

Hunaniaeth rhywedd

Gender reassignment 

another way of describing a person’s transition. To undergo gender reassignment usually means to undergo some sort of medical intervention, but it can also mean changing names, pronouns, dressing differently and living in their self-identified gender. Gender reassignment is a characteristic that is protected by the Equality Act 2010.

Ailbennu rhywedd

Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC) 

this enables trans people to be legally recognised in their self-identified gender and to be issued with a new birth certificate.  Not all trans people will apply for a GRC and you have to be over 18 to apply.  You do not need a GRC to change your gender at work or to legally change your gender on other documents such as your passport. 

Tystysgrif Cydnabod Rhywedd

Gender stereotypes 

the ways that we expect people to behave in society according to their gender, or what is commonly accepted as ‘normal’ for someone of that gender.

Ystrydebau rhywedd

Gender variant 

someone who does not conform to the gender roles and behaviours that society expects of them based on the gender assigned to them at birth. This is often used in relation to children or young people.

Rhywedd amrywiol

Heterosexual / Straight 

refers to a person who has an emotional, romantic and/or sexual orientation towards people of the opposite gender.

Heterorywiol / Syth

Homosexual

this might be considered a more medical term used to describe someone who has an emotional, romantic and/or sexual orientation towards someone of the same gender. The term ‘gay’ is now more generally used.

Cyfunrywiol

Homophobia

the fear or dislike of someone who identifies as lesbian or gay.

Homoffobia

Intersex

a term used to describe a person who may have the biological attributes of both sexes or whose biological attributes do not fit with societal assumptions about what constitutes male or female. Intersex people can identify as male, female or non-binary.

Rhyngryw

Lesbian

refers to a woman who has an emotional, romantic and/or sexual orientation towards women.

Lesbiaidd

LGBT

the acronym for lesbian, gay, bi and trans.

LHDT

Non-binary 

an umbrella term for a person who does not identify as male or female.

Anneuaidd

Outed

when a lesbian, gay, bi or trans person’s sexual orientation or gender identity is disclosed to someone else without their consent.

Datgelu heb gydsyniad ('Owtio')

Pansexual

refers to a person who is not limited in sexual choice with regard to biological sex, gender or gender identity.

Panrywiol

Pronoun

words we use to refer to people’s gender in conversation - for example, ‘he’ or ‘she’. Some people may prefer others to refer to them in gender neutral language and use pronouns such as they / their and ze / zir.

Rhagenw

Queer

in the past a derogatory term for LGBT individuals. The term has now been reclaimed by LGBT young people in particular who don’t identify with traditional categories around gender identity and sexual orientation but is still viewed to be derogatory by some.

Cwiar/Queer

Questioning

the process of exploring your own sexual orientation and/or gender identity.

Archwilio

Sex 

assigned to a person on the basis of primary sex characteristics (genitalia) and reproductive functions. Sometimes the terms ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ are interchanged to mean ‘male’ or ‘female’.

Rhyw

Sexual orientation 

a person’s emotional, romantic and/or sexual attraction to another person.

Cyfeiriadedd rhywiol

Trans

an umbrella term to describe people whose gender is not the same as, or does not sit comfortably with, the sex they were assigned at birth. Trans people may describe themselves using one or more of a wide variety of terms, including (but not limited to) transgender, cross dresser, non-binary, genderqueer (GQ).

Traws

Transgender man 

a term used to describe someone who is assigned female at birth but identifies and lives as a man. This may be shortened to trans man, or FTM, an abbreviation for female-to-male.

Dyn trawsryweddol

Transgender woman 

a term used to describe someone who is assigned male at birth but identifies and lives as a woman. This may be shortened to trans woman, or MTF, an abbreviation for male-to-female.

Menyw drawsryweddol

Transitioning

the steps a trans person may take to live in the gender with which they identify. Each person’s transition will involve different things. For some this involves medical intervention, such as hormone therapy and surgeries, but not all trans people want or are able to have this. Transitioning also might involve things such as telling friends and family, dressing differently and changing official documents.

Trawsnewid

Transphobia

the fear or dislike of someone who identifies as trans.

Trawsffobia

Transsexual

this was used in the past as a more medical term (similarly to homosexual) to refer to someone who transitioned to live in the ‘opposite’ gender to the one assigned at birth. This term is still used by some although many people prefer the term trans or transgender.

Trawsrywiol